The Indonesian community in Melbourne celebrated Independence Day today and we were fortunate to catch the flag raising ceremony in Federation Square.
The Day commemorates the declaration of Independence proclaimed on 17 August 1945 by Indonesian nationalist leader, Sukarno, who went on to become the country’s first president. Indonesia declared independence from the Dutch after the surrender of the Japanese forces which had occupied Indonesia since 1942. However recognition of independence was not recognised by the Dutch until 1949 following significant National upheaval and armed conflict. The date of independence was subsequently recognised de facto as 17 August 1945.
WE THE PEOPLE OF INDONESIA HEREBY DECLARE THE INDEPENDENCE OF
INDONESIA. MATTERS WHICH CONCERN THE TRANSFER OF POWER AND
OTHER THINGS WILL BE EXECUTED BY CAREFUL MEANS AND IN THE
SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME.
DJAKARTA, 17 AUGUST 1945
IN THE NAME OF THE PEOPLE OF INDONESIA